A Preliminary Screening of the Different of Secondary Metabolites Ruku-Ruku Leaves (Ocimum tenuiflorum Linnen) in West Sumatera

  • Hesty Parbuntari Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science (FMIPA), Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia
  • Sri Benti Etika Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science (FMIPA), Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia
  • Melindra Mulia Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science (FMIPA), Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia
  • Elfanny Delvia Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science (FMIPA), Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia
Keywords: Ruku-ruku, Preliminary Screening, Secondary Metabolites, Ocimum tenuiflorum Linnen, West Sumatera

Abstract

Ruku-ruku leaves are used to remove distinctive odors from fish in some cuisine of West Sumatra. The characteristic odor comes from secondary metabolites especially essential oils. Therefore, secondary metabolites in ruku-ruku leaves have the potential to be further investigated as a source of bioactive compounds. The phytochemical screening of ruku-ruku leaves is a preminilary qualitative test that needs to be done to maximise its function as a medicinal plant. Based on the result data, there are some different result of flavonoid, steroids, and triterpenoids identification. Ruku-ruku leaves from Pesisir Selatan and Padang Panjang shows less flavonoid compounds tham Payakumbuh, Batusangkar, and Lubuk Alung. Both of this city and Payakumbuh also gives less steroids and triterpenoids. The factor influencing this result is caused by several factors, namely temperature, humidity, light exposure, and salinity.

References

B. Hérault et al., “Functional traits shape ontogenetic growth trajectories of rain forest tree species,” J. Ecol., vol. 99, no. 6, pp. 1431–1440, 2011.

B. L. Sampaio, R. Edrada-Ebel, and F. B. Da Costa, “Effect of the environment on the secondary metabolic profile of Tithonia diversifolia: A model for environmental metabolomics of plants,” Sci. Rep., vol. 6, no. July, pp. 1–11, 2016.

B. Yang, J. Zheng, O. Laaksonen, R. Tahvonen, and H. Kallio, “Effects of latitude and weather conditions on phenolic compounds in currant (Ribes spp.) cultivars,” J. Agric. Food Chem., vol. 61, no. 14, pp. 3517–3532, 2013.

C. López-Berenguer, M. D. C. Martínez-Ballesta, D. A. Moreno, M. Carvajal, and C. García-Viguera, “Growing hardier crops for better health: Salinity tolerance and the nutritional value of broccoli,” J. Agric. Food Chem., vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 572–578, 2009

C. V. Borges, I. O. Minatel, H. A. Gomez-Gomez, and G. P. P. Lima, “Medicinal plants: Influence of environmental factors on the content of secondary metabolites,” Med. Plants Environ. Challenges, pp. 259–277, 2017.

F. Synthesis, “Detection and Identification of Organic Compounds in Wastewater of Final Effluent Treatment Plant by FTIR and GC-MS,” J. Adv. Chem. Sci., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 223–226, 2016.

H. Parbuntari, Y. Prestica, R. Gunawan, M. N. Nurman, and F. Adella, “Preliminary Phytochemical Screening (Qualitative Analysis) of Cacao Leaves (Theobroma cacao L.),” EKSAKTA Berk. Ilm. Bid. MIPA, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 40–45, 2018.

I. Anita Sari and A. Wahyu Susilo, “Keberhasilan sambungan pada beberapa jenis batang atas dan famili batang bawah kakao (Theobroma cocoa L.). (Grafting performance of some scion clones and root-stock family on cocoa (Theobroma cocoa L.),” Pelita Perkeb. (a Coffee Cocoa Res. Journal), vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 72–81, 2012.

J. E. Mcmurry et al., Chemistry seventh edition, Seventh ed. New York: Pearson Education, 2014.

L. Jaakola and A. Hohtola, “Effect of latitude on flavonoid biosynthesis in plants,” Plant, Cell Environ., vol. 33, no. 8, pp. 1239–1247, 2010.

M. H. Ibrahim, H. Z. E. Jaafar, E. Karimi, and A. Ghasemzadeh, “Primary, secondary metabolites, photosynthetic capacity and antioxidant activity of the Malaysian Herb Kacip Fatimah (Labisia pumila Benth) exposed to potassium fertilization under greenhouse conditions,” Int. J. Mol. Sci., vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 15321–15342, 2012.

M. K. Meiske S. S., Lidya I. M., “Uji Toksisitas dan Skrining Fitokimia Tepung Gabah Pelepah Aren (Arenga pinnata),” vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 127–134, 2012.

M. Salim, Y. Yahya, H. Sitorus, T. Ni’mah, and M. Marini, “Hubungan Kandungan Hara Tanah dengan Produksi Senyawa Metabolit Sekunder pada Tanaman Duku (Lansium domesticum Corr var Duku) dan Potensinya sebagai Larvasida,” J. Vektor Penyakit, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 11–18, 2017.

N. Noorhidayah, “Potensi Dan Keanekaragaman Tumbuhan Obat Di Hutan Kalimantan Dan Upaya Konservasinya,” J. Anal. Kebijak. Kehutan., vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 95–107, 2017.

R. A. Dixon et al., “Phenolic Metabolism in Plants,” in Phenolis Metabolism in Plants, H. A. S. and R. K. IBRAHIM, Ed. New York, 1992, pp. 91–92.

S. Caretto, V. Linsalata, G. Colella, G. Mita, and V. Lattanzio, “Carbon fluxes between primary metabolism and phenolic pathway in plant tissues under stress,” Int. J. Mol. Sci., vol. 16, no. 11, pp. 26378–26394, 2015.

T. Nofelman, A. Karim, and A. Anhar, “Analisis Kesesuain Lahan di Kabupaten Simeulue,” Manaj. Sumberd. Lahan, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 62–71, 2012.

V. Arbona, M. Manzi, C. de Ollas, and A. Gómez-Cadenas, “Metabolomics as a tool to investigate abiotic stress tolerance in plants,” Int. J. Mol. Sci., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 4885–4911, 2013.

Published
2019-08-31
How to Cite
1.
Parbuntari H, Etika S, Mulia M, Delvia E. A Preliminary Screening of the Different of Secondary Metabolites Ruku-Ruku Leaves (Ocimum tenuiflorum Linnen) in West Sumatera. EKSAKTA [Internet]. 31Aug.2019 [cited 20Nov.2019];20(2):17-4. Available from: http://eksakta.ppj.unp.ac.id/index.php/eksakta/article/view/193

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.