Main Article Content


This study aims to determine The purpose of this experiment was to determine the interaction of bokashi fertilizer and monosodium glutamate on the growth and yield of cayenne pepper (Capsium frutescens L.). This experiment used a completely randomized design (CRD) factorial. The first factor is the dose of rice straw bokashi which consists of 4 levels, namely: 0 g/polybag, 50 g/polybag, 100 g/polybag, 150 g/polybag. The second factor is the dose of MSG which consists of 3 levels, namely: 0 ml/l water, 4 ml/l water, 8 ml/l water. Based on the results of the study, it was found that the application of bokashi fertilizer and monosodium glutamate interacted with the growth and yield of cayenne pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.), namely producing the weight of the fruit plants by giving 150 g/polybag of bokashi fertilizer and 8 ml/l of MSG water, namely 60.67 g of weight fruit.


Chili Rawit bokashi MSG

Article Details

How to Cite
Zahanis Z, Fatimah F, Nurval Utami U. Effect of Bokashi Fertilizer and Monosodium Glutamate on Growth and Yield of Cayenne Pepper (Capsicum frutescens l.). EKSAKTA [Internet]. 2021Dec.30 [cited 2023Dec.2];22(4):248-5. Available from:


  1. Harpenas, A and R. Generous. (2020). Cultivation of Superior Chili (Big Chili, Curly Chili, Cayenne Pepper, and Paprika). Self-help spreader, Jakarta, 108 pages.
  2. Osorio, D., Steele, J., Sepúlveda, M., Gayo, E. M., Capriles, J. M., Herrera, K., & Santoro, C. M. (2017). The Dry Puna as an ecological megapatch and the peopling of South America: Technology, mobility, and the development of a late Pleistocene/early Holocene Andean hunter-gatherer tradition in northern Chile. Quaternary International, 461, 41-53.
  3. Anugrah, R. D., & Safahi, L. (2021). The Effect of Eggshell Organic Fertilizer on Vegetative Growth of Cayenne Pepper (Capsicum frutescens L). In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 755, No. 1, p. 012001). IOP Publishing.
  4. Vaishnavi, B. A., Bhoomika, H. R., & Shetty, G. R. (2018). Genetic parameters study for growth, yield and quality traits in bird’s eye chilli (Capsicum frutescens L.). Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci, 7(5), 1813-1817.
  5. Zhong, Y., Cheng, Y., Ruan, M., Ye, Q., Wang, R., Yao, Z., & Wan, H. (2021). High-Throughput SSR Marker Development and the Analysis of Genetic Diversity in Capsicum frutescens. Horticulturae, 7(7), 187.
  6. Rylski, I. (2019). Capsicum. In CRC handbook of flowering (pp. 140-146). CRC Press.
  7. Ansa, J. E. O., & Woke, C. (2018). Effect of Spacing and Poultry Manure Rates on Growth, Yield and Quality of Cayenne Pepper (Capsicum frutescens. L) in Southern Rain Forest of Nigeria. International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology, 3(4).
  8. Nafeesa, M., Hussaina, R., Ahmada, I., Ahsana, M., Aslamb, M. N., Ahmadc, M., & Manzoord, A. (2019). Role of Foliar Application of Salicylic Acid and Cultivars in Chilli (Capsicum frutescens L.) Production in Arid Region of Bahawalpur. Journal of Horticultural Science and Tech, 2(1), 5-9.
  9. Kpinkoun, J. K., Amoussa, A. M., Mensah, A. C. E. G., Komlan, F. A., Kinsou, E., Lagnika, L., & Gandonou, C. B. (2019). Effect of salt stress on flowering, fructification and fruit nutrients concentration in a local cultivar of chili pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.). International Journal of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 11(1), 1-7.
  10. Sopialena, S., Sila, S., Rosfiansyah, R., & Nurdiana, J. (2018). The role of neem leaves as organic pesticides in chili pepper (Capsicum frutescens). Nusantara Bioscience, 10(4), 246-250.
  11. Sasmita, E., Restiwijaya, M., Yulianto, E., Arianto, F., Kinandana, A. W., & Nur, M. (2019, May). Effect of ozone technology applications on physical characteristics of red cayenne pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.) preservation. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1217, No. 1, p. 012007). IOP Publishing.
  12. Ariani, R., Nurida, N. L., & Dariah, A. (2021, February). Utilization of cacao shell biochar and compost to improve cayenne pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.) in acid upland. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 648, No. 1, p. 012182). IOP Publishing.
  13. Dwinianti, E. F., Mastuti, R., & Arumingtyas, E. L. (2019). Genetic variation analysis of EMS-induced chili pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.) mutants using SSR markers. Journal of Tropical Life Science, 9(3), 223-228.
  14. Mustafa, M., Syahri, Y. F., & Rauf, M. (2019). Selection of Chilli Pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.) for Salinity Tolerance in Seed Germination. Agrotech Journal, 4(2), 83-90.
  15. Sujitno, E. and Meksy, D. (2015). Harvest Production of Various New Superior Varieties of Cayenne Pepper (Capsicum frutenscens L.) in Dry Land, Garut Regency, West Java. Pros Nas Masy Biodiv Indo. 1 (4): 874-877.
  16. Ikpeme CE, Henry P, Okiri OA. (2014). Comparative evaluation of the nutritional, phytochemical and microbiological quality of three pepper varieties. J Food Nutr Sci 2 (3): 74-80.
  17. Nhita, F., Saepudin, D., & Wisesty, U. N. (2018). Planting Date Recommendation for Chili and Tomato Based on Economic Value Prediction of Agricultural Commodities. The Open Agriculture Journal, 12(1).
  18. Kumar, H. P., Tevari, P., Beeraladinni, D., & Kammar, S. (2020). Price forecasting in chilli crop in major markets of Karnataka State, India. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci, 9(05), 3221-3226.
  19. Geo, L., Ariani, W. O. R., & Saediman, H. (2020). Determinants and Profitability of Small-Scale Red Chili Production in Konawe District of Southeast Sulawesi. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 13(3), 51-55.
  20. Sukiyono, K., & Janah, M. (2019). Forecasting Model Selection of Curly Red Chili Price at Retail Level. Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Research, 2(1), 1-12.
  21. Suwarsinah, H. K., Harwanti, N. F., Hastuti, H., & Firdaus, M. (2018). The pricing system of red onion and red chili commodities. Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis, 15(2), 150-150.
  22. Central Bureau of Statistics and Directorate General of Horticulture. 2017. Production of Big Chili, Chili Rait and Shallots. Official Gazette of Statistics No.54 / 08 / year XVI. http: //
  23. Caruso, G., Stoleru, V. V., Munteanu, N. C., Sellitto, V. M., Teliban, G. C., Burducea, M., & Butnariu, M. (2019). Quality performances of sweet pepper under farming management. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 47(2), 458-464.
  24. Abate, T. M., Dessie, A. B., & Mekie, T. M. (2019). Technical efficiency of smallholder farmers in red pepper production in North Gondar zone Amhara regional state, Ethiopia. Journal of Economic Structures, 8(1), 1-18.
  25. Mahmoud, A. W. M., Abdelaziz, S. M., El-Mogy, M. M., & Abdeldaym, E. A. (2019). Effect of foliar ZnO and FeO nanoparticles application on growth and nutritional quality of red radish and assessment of their accumulation on human health. Agriculture, 65(1), 16-29.
  26. Wahyuna, W., Marliah, A., & Nurhayati, N. (2021). Pengaruh Jenis Pupuk Organik Padat Dan Konsentrasi Pupuk Organik Cair Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Hasil Tanaman Cabai Rawit (Capsicum frutescens L.). Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian, 6(4).
  27. Wijaya, KA. (2008). Plant Nutrition as a Determinant of Yield Quality and Natural Plant Resistance. Literature Achievements. Jakarta.
  28. Sutedjo, MM. (2008). Fertilizer and Fertilization Method. Jakarta: Rinekacipta: Jakarta.
  29. Lasmini, S. A., Nasir, B., Hayati, N., & Edy, N. (2018). Improvement of soil quality using bokashi composting and NPK fertilizer to increase shallot yield on dry land. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 12(11), 1743-1749.
  30. Ginting, S. (2019). Promoting Bokashi as an organic fertilizer in Indonesia: A mini review. Horticulture, 27(2), 189-203.
  31. Viana, J. D. S., Borda, C. A. R., & Palaretti, L. F. (2020). Application of bokashi organic fertilizer in production oflettuce (Lactuca sativa). Horticult Int J, 4(5), 200-201.
  32. Martini, D. K. T., & Paramita, D. P. R. (2021). The Effect of Planting Distance and Bokashi from Several Types of Organic Fertilizers on the Growth and Yield of Elephant Ginger Variety (Zingiber Officinale var. Roscoe).
  33. Tola, F., Hamzah. Dahlan and Kaharuddin. (2007). The Effect of Using Doses of Bokashi Cow Manure on Growth and Production of Corn. J. Agrisistem. 3 (1): 1-8.
  34. Cristea, AN, Buzescu, A., Avram, L., & Chirita, C. (2013). The addictive behavior induced by food monosodium glutamate. Practica Medicala, 4 (432), 229-234.
  35. Djunaedy, A. (2009). Effect of types and dosage of bokashi fertilizer on the growth and yield of long beans (Vigna sinensis L.). J. Agrovigor. 2 (1): 42-46.
  36. Hayati, E et al. (2012). The Effect of Organic Fertilizer Types and Varieties on Growth and Yield of Cayenne Pepper (Capsicum frutenscens L.). J floratek 7: 173-181.
  37. Benediktus, W., Imanuel, E., Awang, S., Persada, S., Sintang, K., & Pertamina-sengkuang, J. (2017). Effect of monosodium glutamate (MSG) on the growth of spinach (Amaranthus tricolor L.). Journal of Biology Education, 2 (1).
  38. Novi. (2016). The Use of MSG to Increase Vegetative Growth of Pakcoy Plants. BioConcetta. 2 (1): 24 - 38.

Most read articles by the same author(s)