MODEL ESTIMASI GARCH DALAM MENGUKUR KINERJA NILAI TUKAR RUPIAH
The exchange rate is determined by the demand and supply relationship of the currency. If the demand for a currency increases, while the supply remains or even decreases, then the exchange rate will rise vice versa. The ups and downs of exchange rates on the money market indicate the magnitude of the volatility that occurs in the currency of a State against the currencies of other countries. The volatility phenomenon indicates difficulty in analyzing the exchange rate. Increasing volatility indicates an even greater movement of currency exchange rates even if currency exchange rates experience extreme volatility resulting in economic instability both from the micro and macro sides. The high volatility seen from the pattern of price movements that occur in financial markets, and the impact that can be generated from the high volatility data is the error that will have a variance that is not constant. That is, a relatively high data variability at a time indicates the presence of heteroscedasticity. Heteroscedasticity can lead to errors in drawing a conclusion to the estimated model obtained. Therefore, we need a model that is able to solve the problem that is Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity (GARCH) model in order to get more accurate estimation model to estimate exchange rate. From the simulation result, all data contain the volatility seen from the result of heteroscedasticity test, and obtained estimation model for all data.
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